Many occupations today call themselves “professions,” but what does it mean for a domain to truly be a profession, and does philanthropy count?
According to Howard Gardner, the field of philanthropy is not yet a true profession, an argument he makes in a February 2017 opinion piece published in the Chronicle of Philanthropy.
Click here to read Gardner’s thought-provoking piece in full, which includes a discussion of the core elements of professions as well as different strategies of philanthropic giving. (PDF also available.)
Donald Trump has made a variety of statements about intelligence both during his election campaign and his short time in office. Calling himself a “really smart person” and claiming his Cabinet has the “highest IQ” ever, he has also stated he “loves the poorly educated” and found high levels of support amongst those without college degrees.
How can we interpret Trump’s attitude towards intelligence?
Howard Gardner has commented on this issue for a recent guest post in Valerie Strauss’s “Answer Sheet” blog in The Washington Post.
According to Gardner, Trump has endorsed a narrow view of intellectual ability, and his valorization of being under-educated is problematic and concerning.
Click here to read the piece via “Answer Sheet,” and share your own thoughts below.
A translation of the article has also appeared in Spanish and is available here.
Howard Gardner has once again been listed among the top academic influencers in the field of education in the 2017 Edu-Scholar Public Influence Rankings.
This year, Gardner is fifth out of 200 scholars selected from universities throughout the United States. An annual list created by Rick Hess for his Education Week column “Straight Up,” the ranking includes metrics such as book points, press mentions, and Google Scholar index in an effort to determine which academics have the greatest impact on educational policy and practice.
Click here to access the full list and accompanying article.
We send congratulations to all those who made the list!
In October 2016, The Good Project, one of Howard Gardner’s major research initiatives (co-founded in the middle 1990s with colleagues Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi and William Damon), welcomed five colleagues from the Netherlands affiliated with The Professional Honor Foundation (PHF), a Dutch organization that explores professional identity and behavior across many sectors. PHF is currently celebrating its 10th anniversary. In honor of this milestone, members of The Good Project and PHF teams convened in Cambridge to share updates, connections, and reflections.
During the visit, The Good Project’s researchers had the opportunity to learn more about the work of these scholars and activists, including successes and ongoing challenges.
Co-founded by Thijs Jansen and Alexandrien van der Burgt, PHF formed following the publication of Professional Pain (2005), a book which detailed the frustrations of many Dutch professionals with pervasive forces of deprofessionalization, bureaucratization, and lack of autonomy. In 2009, a second book, Professional Pride, furthered these messages and emphasized “pride” as a central value for all professionals to embrace.
Over the past several years, PHF has drawn on The Good Project’s conception of “good work” for a series of focus groups with professionals in different sectors, among them judges, physicians, educational officials, and accountants. PHF and associated scholars have also released additional books supporting their vision of a “Good Work society.”
In our sessions together, we focused on three professional domains where PHF has been able to exert influence.
Medicine: In recent years, Dutch healthcare has inched ever closer to the system in the United States, with high costs and insurers/private companies holding increasing power. Those opposed to these trends have had some success in countering them (for example, the government’s plan to abolish the free market for patients to choose their doctors was scrapped); but medical practitioners in the Netherlands are subject to new levels of policy oversight that distance them from patients. In The Alternative for Healthcare (2015), Jansen and his associates argue that the quality of care and a relationship of trust between patient and practitioner are the foundations of the medical profession. Two-thirds of Dutch general practitioners have successfully campaigned for measures that would reduce red tape, limiting the influence of healthcare insurance companies and forced competition between GPs.
Accountancy: Following the 2008 financial collapse, public confidence in accounting in the Netherlands collapsed; surveys revealed that 85% of people had no confidence in auditors. A crisis of identity for the profession resulted, with many accountants questioning how to ensure integrity and quality in their work. Margreeth Kloppenburg has been at the forefront of work encouraging Dutch accountants to be more ethical, accountable, and aware. As a result of her co-authored report “In the Public Interest” about the purposes of the accounting profession, 53 new policy measures were passed by the Dutch government. These measures include the allowance for external governors in accounting firms, penalization for individual misconduct, and the adoption of a professional oath and mandatory ethics courses. Kloppenburg is currently working on a curriculum to help accounting students tackle difficult ethical dilemmas on the job; she has launched a website called The Accountables, where accounting students reflect on vexing professional issues and share ideas and insights. While reforms in the Dutch accounting system could act as a model of “good work” practices, puzzles remain. The best methods of inculcating these ideas have yet to be determined, and students complain they are being asked to over-reflect before they have even entered into the profession. By the end of 2017, PHF will publish a book on the professional honor of accountants, written by accountants and other interested parties, as a force of change for the greater good.
Teaching: Education in the Netherlands is increasingly hierarchical, with the government dictating policy down to districts, to administrators, and finally to individual teachers. In 2013 the co-authored book Het Alternatief (English title: The Alternative), Jelmer Evers, a candidate for the Global Teacher Prize, details a reversal of this un-professional top-down power structure. According to the scheme that he has developed, education should focus more on open dialogue for teacher collaboration/association, a reduction in burdensome instructional periods, and creation of national teacher academies. These recommendations have received attention from the Dutch Minister of Education and Parliament. As part of a global professional movement, Evers the co-authored an international follow-up book called Flip the System: Changing Education from the Ground Up (2015). Based on this work, together with Education International, Evers is organizing a worldwide educator network called TENGlobal which seeks to increase teacher agency through greater trust, a sense of purpose and pride, and collaborative effort and support.
Overall, PHF has pushed matters of professional identity into the national consciousness of the Netherlands, presenting a counter-narrative to the marketization and systemic weakening of individual choice apparent across the professional landscape. As Gabriel van den Brink, professor emeritus at Tilburg University, put it, a new paradigm in professionalism will temper the prevalence of capitalist commercialism with more relational and creative arrangements.
Gardner and colleagues look forward to continuing to learn from these colleagues and their work.
The Brock International Prize in Education, which Howard Gardner was awarded in 2015, has created a short video summary of the theory of multiple intelligences.
In the engaging and quick feature, which incorporates illustrations and diagrams, the components and implications of MI theory are explained in simple terms.
Check out the 2-minute video below!
In the post below, reprinted from Howard Gardner’s blog The Professional Ethicist, Gardner discusses the relationship between truth and the nature of what is good, as well as challenges to the concept of truth in the contemporary era.
For over half a century, I’ve been obsessed with the nature of truth, beauty, and goodness. I see them as central in education and, indeed, in life—I would not want to live in a world where human beings could not distinguish truth from falsity; did not value beauty; and did not seek what is good and desist from what is bad.
In the last quarter century, I have argued that a principal reason—perhaps the principal reason—for education is to help young people understand (and act upon) this trio of virtues. These are the themes of my books The Disciplined Mind and its update in Truth, Beauty and Goodness Reframed. This past term, I taught a course on the topic—I jokingly dubbed it “Truth Beauty and Goodness Reframed Reframed.” And in an ongoing study of education, I speak about the space between LIteracies (the goal of the first years of school) and the LIvelihoods (the attainment of reasonable employment toward the end of adolescence) as the LIberal Arts and Sciences—the study, appreciation, and realization of these three virtues.
But any thought that I had cracked the secret of the virtues has been exploded during the past year by the political events in the United States. Voters in America had the choice between one presidential candidate who approached issues of truth with the hair-splitting logic of a lawyer; and another candidate who baldly lied and then lied about his lies. As if to finish the final funeral of truth, we have an electorate, many of whom do not seem to care about rampant lying; and the creation of a new category—fake or false news: news which is simply made up for propaganda purposes and is then circulated as if it had been carefully researched and validated.
How does this newly emerging state-of-affairs relate to the virtues? Until 2016, I had assumed that truth was a widely accepted goal—we might even say a widely accepted good—even though, of course, it is not always achieved. And so we could turn our attention to what I consider the heartland of goodness: the relations that obtain among human beings, those to whom we are close as well as those with whom we have only a distant, transactional relationship.
But I have had to come face-to-face with an uncomfortable, if not untenable situation: if we don’t agree about what is true, and if we don’t even care about what is true, then how can we even turn our attention to what is good, let alone care about what is good, and what is not? (In thinking about this issue, I’ve been aided by the excellent discussions with my students at the Harvard Graduate School of Education.)
So here’s my current thinking:
Option #1. A Post Post-Modern View: If we throw out the possibility of ascertaining truth, or even caring about truth, then goodness must be scuttled. If P and Not P are equally valid (or equally invalid), there is no possibility of making an ethical or moral judgment. All are good, all are bad, flip a coin.
Option #2. An Olympian View of Goodness: For the sake of argument, let’s concede that we ordinary humans are not able during our lifetimes to make judgements of what is true and what is not true and hence are stymied in our evaluation of “the good.” There might still be judgments of goodness which are based on some absolute standard: standards of justice (that exist in some document, be it a constitution or the Bible); standards of the good (that are made by God or by the gods); standards of posterity (that are made by historians many years hence); or standards of philosophers (what Plato or Kant or Rawls might deem to be good).
I certainly favor Option #2 over Option #1. But I propose another way of thinking of this issue.
If there is any view of good that can be put forth as universal, or close to universal, it is that one should not kill innocent people (The Seventh Commandment—Thou shalt not Kill; The Golden Rule: Do onto others…). So let us stipulate that principle as a “Given Good.” In making a judgment about the relation among human beings, we can therefore conclude that one who kills one or more innocent persons is a bad person and/or has committed a bad act. (By extension, one could then say that individuals who save innocent persons or who penalize killers of innocent persons are good persons.)
Following this line of argument, we need now to determine the truth of the matter: whether a killing took place, who carried out the killing and why, what is the status of the person who was killed, and what, if anything, should be done with the identified killer.
Allegation: John killed Joe.
In what I have termed “neighborly morality,” these questions can usually be answered without too much difficulty. People who live in a neighborhood know one another, they see what is going on and why, and nowadays they can record (and replay) happenings instantly on various recording devices. If Joe’s murder is observed by other individuals, and/or recorded for posterity, then only a crazy person will deny that it has happened.
Of course, determining the motive of the killer and the status of the killed can be more challenging. But again, in a neighborhood, individuals will generally be well-known by those whom they see each day, and the planned or accidental nature of the killing will be apparent, as well as the behavior of the killer in the aftermath of the deed.
And so, in brief, if establishing what happened, what is true, is relatively straightforward, and judgments of good/bad can be validly made… except by the extreme post-modernists or by those who are crazy.
But now let’s consider killing that occurs outside the neighborhood, often of a large number of persons, and often by agents whose motivation and activities are far more difficult to ascertain.
Allegation: Serb leader Radovan Karadzic killed thousands of innocent Bosnians and Croats
Allegation: Syrian leader Bashar Al Assad is killing thousands of innocent Syrians.
Allegation: Russian leader Vladimir Putin poisoned several of his political opponents.
In these latter cases, the norms of neighborly morality do not apply. The alleged killers are not known personally by most of the victims and observers. Nor do the alleged killers directly carry out the killings—the lines of authority, and the details of the killing, are much more difficult to ascertain. Indeed, in the absence of such personal culpability and of documentation of the circumstances of murder, the killings can almost seem like crimes that did not happen or perpetrator-free crimes: As Josef Stalin cynically quipped, “A single death is a tragedy; a million deaths is a statistic.”
In the second decade of the twenty first century, such heinous crimes do not always go unpunished. Using the precedent of the Nuremberg Trials in post-World War II Europe, we now have an International Criminal Court. And at least occasionally, a leader like Karadzic can be held accountable for mass deaths—in his case, he was found guilty of genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity. But for this result to occur, one needs to have massive amount of evidence, the power to arrest and extradite, and the decision of a court that proceeds according to international law. No wonder that more distant forms of killing typically go unpunished.
Even in the case of the conviction of Karadzic, consensus about the crime and punishment can remain elusive. The charge of genocide is very difficult to sustain; indeed, over a century after the killing of one million Armenians, Turkish leaders refuse to discuss or even use the term genocide. Militant Serbs believe that they are in a justifiable struggle to vindicate their own history and sustain their own culture, a struggle dating back to the battle of Kosovo in 1389! Paradoxically, for many Serbs, the actions of the late 20th century were a retaliation against neighbors whom they have loathed over the centuries.
So if truth is so difficult to establish, where is the dry land? Once we leave the neighborhood, on what bases can we render judgments of what is good and what is not, especially when cases are less clear-cut than the Syrian or the Serbian cases?
I find two sources of hope:
- Understanding the means, the methods, and the evidence on which assertions are made. If one is dealing with contemporary or historical political events, one needs to know how to make sense of journalism, eyewitness reports, historical documents, and other putative sources of evidence. This approach applies equally well to science, medicine, art, and indeed any way of marshalling and evaluating evidence.
- Identifying individuals and sources who are trustworthy. Even the most polymathic among us cannot be expected to be able to evaluate all argument and evidence by ourselves. And so it is especially important to identify those persons (known personally or known through the media) and those sources of information that we find to be regularly accurate and reliable. This does not mean that such persons or sources are always right. None can pass that test! Rather it means that when they are wrong, they acknowledge it. It also means that their judgments are not always predictable; rather, they evaluate each case on its merits.
In my next blog, I’ll turn my attention to the ethics of roles. I’ll pursue how, on the basis of these two promising sources, we can establish—or, perhaps, more precisely RE-establish—a firmer link between truth and goodness.
This blog reappeared in the 2016 Spanish-language education-themed book Hablamos de Educación (Let’s Talk About Education).
Click here to read the republished version of the interview (Spanish). The original English version has been reprinted below.
2013 Interview with Tiching.com, English translation. This interview appeared in Spanish in its entirety in 2013 on blog.tiching.com.
Tiching: Your Multiple Intelligences Theory is known around the world, but how do you define the term “intelligence”?
Howard Gardner: An intelligence is the biological and psychological potential to analyze information in specific ways, in order to solve problems or to create products that are valued in a culture.
T: Your Theory explains that eight different intelligences exist. Do we have all the intelligences in various degrees, or does each person have only one type of intelligence?
HG: As implied by the definition, I reject the notion that human beings have a single intelligence, which can be drawn on for the full range of problem solving. What is usually called ‘intelligence’ refers to the linguistic and logical capacities that are valued in certain kinds of school and for certain school-like tasks. It leaves little if any room for spatial intelligence, personal intelligences, musical intelligence, etc.
All human beings have all of the intelligences. But we differ, for both genetic and experiential reasons, in our profile of intelligences at any moment. We can enhance our intelligences, but I am never going to become Yo-Yo Ma, Albert Einstein, Marie Curie, or Pele.
T: We attended your conference at Montserrat College, and you talked about two new intelligences that you want to introduce (pedagogical and existential). How has this issue advanced?
HG: In order for me to ‘endorse’ an intelligence, I need to carry out lots of research. I have not had the time to research ‘teaching intelligence,’ and the survey I conducted years ago of ‘existential intelligence’ left me uncertain about whether it is a full-blown intelligence. Yet I use these terms informally, and anyone else is welcome to do so as well.
T: Which criteria do you use in order to include a new type of intelligence in your theory?
HG: My eight criteria for an intelligence are laid out in Chapter 4 of my 1983 book Frames of Mind. These criteria are drawn from several disciplines and several kinds of populations. There is not a single foolproof equation for determining whether a candidate intelligence does or does not qualify. I weigh the various considerations and make the best judgment I can. My guess is that ‘teaching intelligence’ and ‘existential intelligence’ would do pretty well on the 8 criteria, but as I’ve said, I have not been able to do the required research to be confident about my conclusion.
T: Do you think you will include more types of intelligence in the future?
HG: Only in a speculative manner. My colleague Antonio Battro has written about a ‘digital intelligence’ and that is certainly worth thinking about. However, at present, what he calls ‘digital intelligence’ seems adequately accounted for by logical-mathematical and bodily-kinesthetic intelligence—the skills of coding and of manipulating a mouse and/or a cursor.
T: You have launched the Multiple Intelligences Oasis site; what are its objectives?
HG: This is a website, launched in the summer of 2013. It represents my effort to describe MI theory, to highlight powerful applications, and to point out problematic assertions—hence the image of an oasis (water in the middle of a parched desert). I’d be delighted if we could find a way to produce a high quality version in Spanish.
T: Most of the members of our community are teachers. How can they identify the intelligences of their pupils?
HG: When speaking to parents, I encourage them to take their child(ren) to a children’s museum and watch carefully what the child does, how she/she does it, what he/she returns to, where there is definite growth. Teachers could do the same or could set up ‘play areas’ which provide ‘nutrition’ for different intelligences… and watch carefully what happens and what does not happen with each child.
When a child is thriving, there is no reason to spend time assessing intelligences. But when a child is NOT thriving—in school or at home—that is the time to apply the lens of multiple intelligences and see whether one can find ways to help the child thrive in different environments.
T: Once intelligences are identified, how can they be enhanced? Are empowerment mechanisms different for each type of intelligence?
HG: Intelligences are enhanced when a person is engaged in activities that involve the exercise of that intelligence. It helps to have good teachers, ample resources, and personal motivation. Anyone can improve any intelligence; but it is easier to improve the intelligence if those factors are available and if you have high potential in that intelligence.
T: Should school curricula be redesigned in order to enhance all the intelligences? If yes, what should be transformed?
HG: I don’t think that it is necessary to rethink curricular goals. But it is certainly worth thinking about whether these goals can be reached in multiple ways. I think that any important educational goal can be realized via several routes. In Chapters 7-9 of my 1999 book The Disciplined Mind, I show how to teach important lessons in science, history, and music, through alternative intelligence routes.
T: Which is the importance of new technologies, such as Tiching, in the learning process of each pupil?
HG: Any good teacher should become acquainted with relevant technologies. But the technologies should not dictate an education goal. Rather, the teacher (or parent or student or policy maker) should ask: can technology help to achieve this goal, and which technologies are most likely to be helpful?
T: Which is the intelligence that you have most developed yourself?
HG: I think that I am strongest in linguistic and musical intelligence, and I continue to work on my interpersonal and intrapersonal intelligence.
T: What project(s) are you working on now?
HG: For the last twenty years, I have been engaged in The Good Project, a study of how professions survive in a time when markets are very powerful, which now has many offshoots. I am now working on a study of liberal arts and sciences in the 21st century. We want to understand how best to create and preserve a form of higher education that we value but that is in jeopardy for many reasons.
In the weeks following Election Day, many news outlets have devoted significant attention to analyzing the trends and conditions that led to the victory of Donald Trump for the American presidency.
Released on The Huffington Post, The Professional Ethicist, and Cathy Rubin’s CMRubinWorld, Howard Gardner has written a piece that looks at the election through the lenses of truth, beauty, and goodness. These three virtues, according to Gardner’s estimation, had a significant impact on the outcome in unexpected ways. Gardner probes how conceptions of truth guided the electorate, which candidate was able to create “beautiful” experiences, and how goodness likely factored into the voting decisions of millions of Americans.
On October 10, 2016, the Harvard Graduate School of Education welcomed renowned public intellectual Noam Chomsky for a conversation with Howard Gardner.
In a far-ranging discussion touching upon linguistics, societal trends, education, politics, and more, Chomsky shared his insights and opinions on many topics while Gardner facilitated, reflected, and took student questions.
Watch a video of the full event below.
Reflecting on your life, what has been your greatest accomplishment so far and why?
A version of this question was asked to Howard Gardner and ninety-nine other behavioral and brain scientists, each of whom wrote a summary of their most important contribution to the field for the book Scientists Making a Difference, edited by Robert T. Sternberg, Susan T. Fiske, and Donald J. Foss and released in August 2016 by Cambridge University Press. Gardner’s answer is that the theory of multiple intelligences has been the most influential part of his scholarship.
In his short essay, Gardner discusses his scholarly background and what led him to investigate human intelligence. He offers a few explanations for what made his theory of multiple intelligences unique enough to catch on at the right time and why he considers it his most important contribution. He also comments that while still applicable, MI theory as he originally conceived it is “no longer current” with contemporary research and is open to updates by those willing to do the work.
Click here to read Gardner’s piece in full.
Earlier this year, Howard Gardner participated in a short interview for a conference held on the far northern island of Svalbard, Norway, by the Aurora Borealis Foundation. Now, a video with highlights from the interview is available on Vimeo.
In this video, Gardner succinctly summarizes some of his most powerful thoughts about education. He states that much of education today is focused on teaching literacies (such reading, writing, math, and now programming) and livelihoods (training for work). “I’m interested in what is between,” says Gardner, explaining that he is most intrigued by the power of liberal arts to help us understand the human condition, our past, and our present conditions and trends.
He further discusses the difference between “neighborly morality” and “ethics of roles” in his conception of the “good” and how these frameworks relate to the interconnected global society and its new challenges.
Watch the video in full below!
With the 2016 election fast approaching in the United States, coverage in the news media has been nonstop as nearly daily scandals have marred both the campaigns of Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton and divided the public.
Howard Gardner was interviewed for a segment on the French television show “Quotidien” about Donald Trump’s consistent pattern of insulting others. During this interview, he was asked about what Trump’s behavior may indicate about his personality and the way in which he has turned the national conversation and normal rules of politics on their heads.
Click here to watch the clip (French language program). Gardner appears at 3:50 mark.
Every fall, colleges across the United States and the world welcome students back to campus, including a class of new freshmen, many of whom are leaving their homes to live on their own for the first time. Of course, parents across the spectrum share concerns about how their teenage children will behave in this new environment.
In a radio report from Boston’s PBS station WGBH, Frances Johnson of the University of Pennsylvania’s Department of Neurology discussed the way that the human brain continues to develop through the early to mid-20s. Because teenagers are still in this developmental stage, they are prone to making poor decisions; the emotional areas of the brain are fully developed while frontal lobes controlling higher decision making are still in flux.
How should educators use this information from neuroscience to shape higher education? Howard Gardner comments that while neuroscience is a “hot” field right now, neuroscientific data is only one type of many different bits of information needed in crafting an education. Gardner instead asks listeners to wonder, “What is important, and what do we want students to know?”, making the argument that influencing behavior is all about conditioning, good role models are paramount, and our brains are constantly developing throughout life, even into old age.
Listen to the quick program below, and click here to read the story via WGBH.
If you could add a word to the English language that doesn’t currently exist, what concept or idea would that word express?
This was a question posed by The Atlantic to readers and a handful of commentators. In it’s October 2016 issue, the magazine published some of the most thoughtful answers, including Howard Gardner’s response.
Gardner’s proposal, one of three selected reader responses, is that English needs a vocabulary to describe how music affects a listener outside of literal or emotional adjectives.
Read the other responses via The Atlantic, which range from “a word to distinguish between spicy hot and thermal hot” to a word conveying “the mental suffering that results from someone else’s misuse of a word or phrase in one’s presence.”
In June 2016, Howard Gardner visited Chile to deliver two talks for Seminarium, an executive leadership education organization in Latin America. Gardner spoke to an audience of 2,000 attendees about his well-known theory of multiple intelligences and about his book Five Minds for the Future, which concerns the types of skills needed to succeed in the 21st century.
This visit was covered in the Chilean press, and the following Spanish-language articles detail Gardner’s talks and overall work.
- BioBioChile.cl: “Conferencia de investigador de Harvard Howard Gardner reunió a casi 2 mil personas“
- Revista de Educación: “Los profesores tenemos que ‘pluralizar’ la información“
- El Mercurio (Chile’s newspaper of record): “La Teorìa de las Inteligencias Múltiples se vale de la educación para seguir cobrando fuerza“
Click any of the three titles above to read the article in full.
In May 2016, Howard Gardner hosted a webinar organized by Usable Knowledge at the Harvard Graduate School of Education on the topic “Between Literacies and Livelihoods.” Now, a recording of the webinar is available to the public for viewing.
In this talk, Gardner using the framing values of truth, beauty, and goodness (from his 2011 book Truth, Beauty, and Goodness Reframed) to talk about the importance of teaching skills and dispositions in schools that traditionally fall outside of more typical literacies and preparations.
Click here to view the full webinar video today!
If you were the United States Secretary of Education, what would you seek to achieve? What would your priorities be for your term in office?
Howard Gardner was asked to consider these questions during a September 2016 interview with Cathy Rubin for her website CMRubinWorld (also reprinted in other publications).
In this piece, Gardner shares his thoughts about the role of the federal government in education, stating that he would use the office “to describe what should happen in our educational systems; to call attention to positive as well as negative examples; to cheerlead for promising initiatives; and, whenever possible, to demonstrate by example the kind of education that I favor, and the kind of society that I hope we can achieve.”
He also stresses the importance of lifelong education both inside and outside of the classroom, the cultivation of virtues like goodness, and the importance of liberal arts and sciences.
Click here to read the full article via CMRubinWorld.
Howard Gardner’s most well-known contribution to psychology, the theory of multiple intelligences (MI), has been extensive employed in educational contexts since its proposal in the 1983 book Frames of Mind. Today, thousands of educators across the world use MI theory as an integral part of their classrooms or as a foundational philosophy of their schools.
As the United States presidential election of 2016 approaches, many politically-relevant articles have been published profiling the major players. In two of these pieces, both Hillary Clinton and Charles Koch have been revealed as MI fans!
First, via The Huffington Post, journalist Susan Ochshom discusses Clinton’s 1996 book It Takes A Village about the future of America’s children, in which she reveals an interest in multiple intelligences theory. This issue has been brought back to the fore due to Clinton’s nomination as the Democratic candidate for the presidency.
Second, in an interview with The Washington Post, conservative businessman and donor Charles Koch describes an early realization that he was gifted in mathematics and his broadened understanding of human intelligence through MI theory.
While coming from two sides of the political spectrum, Koch and Clinton’s appreciation of MI is an interesting demonstration of the theory’s wide applicability. Click the two links above to read the articles in full.
In the spring of 2016, Boston University offered a MOOC (massive open online course) on “Ethical Leadership: Character, Civility, and Community” taught by Dr. Walter Fluker, Professor of Ethical Leadership. As a part of the offerings of this course, Howard Gardner participated in an interview in which he discussed leadership trends and ethics with Fluker.
Portions of Gardner’s interview are now available via YouTube. In the clips below, Gardner talks about his definition of what makes a leader, political trends, his conceptions of the ethics of roles, and more.
Click below to watch one of the six available videos.
What does it mean for a journalist to be “disinterested”? What is the purpose of maintaining a disinterested stance for journalism as a profession? Is there a time when journalists should break with disinterestedness as a value and voice an opinion?
These are the questions that Howard Gardner asks in a new blog post via his series The Professional Ethicist, hosted at The Good Project. Gardner concludes that, “in extreme cases, professionals should be prepared to drop their disinterestedness, explain why they are doing so, and seek to return to professional disinterestedness as soon as possible.” He uses the presidential candidacy of Donald Trump as a case study for this theory.