YPP Network Description

The MacArthur Research Network on Youth and Participatory Politics (YPP) formed out of recognition that youth are critical to the future of democracy and that the digital age is introducing technological changes that are impacting how youth develop into informed, engaged, and effective actors.

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#BlackGirlMagic: The ‘Girls Killing It’ Video from Aina More is Everything

September 11, 2015 - 12:21pm
A UK-based Nigerian emcee named Aina More is giving us all the magical Black girl realness in her new video for the song “Girls Killing It.” The official video for the beat-heavy, sultry summer anthem features More and her friends hip rolling, bike riding, and making space for Black womanhood across London. What is particularly appealing […]
Categories: Blog

The “Anti-Racist” Michael Brown Art Exhibit is the Epitome of White Privilege

July 20, 2015 - 3:16pm
Michael Brown, Jr. was murdered in cold blood last August in Ferguson, MO. Now, a life-sized model of his dead body is on display in an “art exhibit” in the historically Black neighborhood of Bronzeville in Chicago. Sadly, it epitomizes the very definition of the White Privilege and racism it seeks to rebuke. The eighteen-year-old was […]
Categories: Blog

President Obama Just Granted Clemency to 46 People

July 13, 2015 - 10:15am
President Obama has issued clemency to forty-six imprisoned men and women. This brings the total amount of commutations by President Obama to ninety. The president will speak tomorrow about his plans for changes to the criminal justice system tomorrow in an address to the NAACP. BREAKING: @POTUS just granted clemency to 46 people whose sentences […]
Categories: Blog

Middle-School Students Nail This Discussion on Race

July 13, 2015 - 9:41am
Watch middle-school students discuss race and privilege in this video for WNYC’s ‘Being 12‘ series. [youtube C6xSyRJqIe8] Photo: Screenshot/Youtube
Categories: Blog

Reconsidering Reproduction

July 13, 2015 - 7:59am
By Victoria Massie Last Thanksgiving, I sat at the dinner table with my siblings and cousins realizing there was no kiddy table, and if there was going to be one, I’d have to have the kids. In February, my father articulated to me for the first time that he was “open” to the idea of […]
Categories: Blog

What Ferguson Tells Us About Policing, the Legal System, and Young People of Color

December 3, 2014 - 8:51am

The killing of eighteen-year-old Michael Brown by former Ferguson, Missouri police officer Darren Wilson has rightfully garnered national attention. It is important, however, to note that the tension between police forces and Black communities is nothing new, nor is it confined to Ferguson, Missouri. 

In this report, we use data from several national public opinion surveys to explore the experiences of Black youth with the police and their attitudes towards the criminal justice system. Our main findings are as follows:
  • Black youth report the highest rate of harassment by the police (54.4%), nearly twice the rates of other young people.
  • Less than half of Black youth (44.2 percent) trust the police, compared with 71.5 percent of white youth, 59.6 percent of Latino youth, and 76.1 percent of Asian American youth.
  • Substantially fewer Black youth believe the police in their neighborhood are there to protect them (66.1 percent) compared to young people from other racial and ethnic groups.
  • Fewer Black youth believe the legal system treats all groups equally (26.8 percent) than young people in other racial and ethnic groups.
  • Fewer Black youth feel that they are full and equal citizens under the law (60.2 percent) compared with white (72.9 percent) and Latino (64.1 percent) youth

 CLICK HERE FOR THE FULL REPORT

Categories: Blog

BYP Memo: Young People’s Attitudes toward President Obama, Political Parties, and Government, Implications for the Midterm Elections

October 8, 2014 - 9:44am

The media often report that young people are disengaged from midterm elections. Understanding how young people feel about President Obama and the major political parties, as well as their beliefs about how well they can effect political change, can shed light on the role they will play in this election cycle. 

In this report, we explore these questions using data from a nationally representative sample of 1,527 adults under the age of 30. Our main findings are as follows:

  • Approval of President Obama has fallen considerably since 2012 across young people of all racial and ethnic groups, with 67.2 percent of Black youth, 52.8 percent of Latino youth and 35.8 of white youth currently approving of Obama’sjob performance.
  • Presidential approval has fallen most dramatically among young people of color, decreasing 14.5 percentage points among Black youth and 15.7 percentage points among Latino youth.
  • Compared with Black (38.6 percent) and white (38.1 percent) youth, Latino youth  are most likely to agree that it does not matter which party wins in the 2014  congressional elections (49.0 percent), while Black youth are most likely to believe that their political participation can make a difference (70.8 percent).
  • Large majorities of youth people from all racial and ethnic groups—68.5 percent of Black youth, 74.0 percent of white youth, and 68.2 percent of Latino youth—believe that elected officials do not care very much about people like themselves.

CLICK HERE FOR THE FULL REPORT

Categories: Blog

BYP Memo: The Policing of Black Communities and Young People of Color

August 15, 2014 - 10:00am

Eighteen-year-old Michael Brown’s murder by a police officer in Ferguson, Missouri has focused the nation’s attention on racial disparities in the law enforcement system. Brown’s case is not an isolated incident. Along with Brown, the cases of Trayvon Martin and Jordan Davis in Florida and, more recently, Eric Garner in New York and Ezell Ford in Los Angeles, all tell stories of how unarmed Black men became victims of police forces charged with serving and protecting their communities and are then denied justice by the legal system.

Since Michael Brown’s death, the media have focused on racial tensions among residents of Ferguson. It is important, however, to note that the tension between police forces and Black communities is nothing new, nor is it confined to Ferguson, Missouri. Instead, the Michael Brown tragedy and those like it are indicators of systemic injustices that have resulted in long-standing tensions between law enforcement and the Black community.

In this report, we use data from several national public opinion surveys to show that Black communities—especially Black youth under 30 years of age—across the country hold considerably more negative views toward the legal system and the police compared with other groups and they have done so for many years. This is not a new phenomenon.

Our main findings are as follows:

  • Black youth report the highest rate of harassment by the police (54.4%), nearly twice the rates of other young people.
  • Less than half of Black youth (44.2 percent) trust the police, compared with 71.5 percent of white youth, 59.6 percent of Latino youth, and 76.1 percent of Asian American youth.
  • Substantially fewer Black youth believe the police in their neighborhood are there to protect them (66.1 percent) compared to young people from other racial and ethnic groups.
  • Fewer Black youth believe the legal system treats all youth equally (26.8 percent) than young people in other racial and ethnic groups.
  • Fewer Black youth feel that they are full and equal citizens under the law (60.2 percent) compared with white (70.9 percent) and Latino (64.1 percent) youth.

   CLICK HERE FOR THE FULL REPORT

Categories: Blog

BYP Memo: Moving Beyond Marriage, What Young People of Color Think about the LGBT Agenda

July 14, 2014 - 12:41pm
  Over the last decade, we have witnessed a dramatic shift in how the public and the courts view same-sex marriage. Much of the reporting on this issue focuses on the overwhelming levels of support for same-sex marriage from the millenial generation. But as victories pile up for the marriage equality movement, we know much less about how young people view the LGBT agenda, and whether young people of color believe the LGBT agenda best serves their communities. These questions are particularly important as LGBT organizations negotiate policies such as the Employment Non-Discrimination Act and prepare strategies around other important LGBT issues. Our latest report provides answers to these questions using a nationally representative survey of 1,500 young people between the ages of 18 and 30 conducted during June 2014. Our main findings are as follows:
  • More Black (80.2%) and Latino (74.9%) youth believe the marriage equality movement has taken too much attention away from other important LGBT issues compared to white youth (64.0%).
  • More Black youth (58.0%) believe that LGBT issues in communities of color are not well-represented by mainstream LGBT organizations than Latino (45.9%) and white youth (42.7%).
  • More than a third (35.0%) of Black youth reported that HIV/AIDS is the single most important issue for LGBT organizations to address. Latino youth reported that bullying (20.1%) is the most important issue, while white youth (21.3%) reported that same-sex marriage is the most important issue.
  • Young people of color are more supportive of policies that would provide sensitivity training for police around transgender issues (77.8% and 73.2%, respectively) and require health insurers to provide coverage for transgender health issues (64.5% and 65.8%, respectively) than white youth (66.2% and 56.3%, respectively).
CLICK HERE FOR THE FULL REPORT
Categories: Blog

BYP Memo: What Young People Think About the Affordable Care Act

March 25, 2014 - 7:32am

Next week, the first round of open enrollment under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) will close until October. Policymakers and pundits have speculated about how young people will respond to the ACA general, and the individual mandate in particular. The success of the ACA depends in part on the willingness of young people to either sign up for health coverage, or pay the penalty. We are one of the few organizations to collect data from a nationally representative sample of young people to investigate what young people really think about the ACA.

In this report, we discuss the findings from a national survey we conducted in January 2014 of 1,500 young people under the age of 30. We find the following:

  • More than 80 percent of Black youth approve of the ACA compared with 51.8  percent of Latino youth and 34.0 percent of white youth.
  • Black youth support the individual mandate at higher rates (41.4 percent) than either Latino youth (33.4 percent) or white youth (9.4 percent).
  • Black youth (9.5 percent) and Latino youth (7.7 percent) reported they signed up for coverage under the ACA at more than double the rate of white youth (3.5 percent).
  • Among the uninsured, 70 percent of Black youth reported they planned to sign up.

CLICK HERE FOR THE FULL REPORT

Categories: Blog

BYP Memo: Ukraine, Russia, and Support for Military Conflict Among America’s Youth

March 7, 2014 - 10:40am

 

War has been a nearly constant feature of American life since 9/11. The ongoing dispute between Russia and Ukraine over the Crimean region has once again raised questions about the U.S. role in the world.

Some critics of the Obama administration, such as Senator John McCain, argue that the U.S. needs to demonstrate its strength in foreign policy. On March 6, the United States sent six F-15 fighter pilots to patrol the Baltic region; next week, another 12 F-16 fighters and 300 U.S. troops will be dispatched to Poland, while a naval destroyer will be sent to the Black Sea.

President Obama and many other domestic and international leaders have said that Russia violated international law through its intervention in Ukraine. Does this justify the use of American military forces? Young people comprise the vast majority of America’s armed forces, and people of color make up a larger percentage of active duty personnel compared with the general population.

According to the latest BYP memo, attitudes toward military conflict among young people reveal that in general, they support military conflict at slightly lower levels than the population as a whole. young people of color are considerably less supportive of military conflict than white youth. Compared with white youth, young Blacks and Latinos are much less supportive of using military force for the purposes of upholding international law, but young people of all racial groups are strongly opposed to the use of military to spread democracy abroad.

CLICK HERE FOR THE REPORT

Categories: Blog

BYP Memo: Equal Protection? Race and Young People’s Attitudes toward the Legal System

February 19, 2014 - 7:07am

The verdicts in the Trayvon Martin and Jordan Davis cases have focused increased attention on racial disparities in the American justice system, and according to the Black Youth Project’s latest memo, nearly three-quarters of Black youth believe the legal system does not treat all groups equally, a rate considerably higher than that for white and latino youth.

The findings come from a survey of 1,500 young people ages 18 to 29 to gauge their attitudes toward the legal system and examine to what degree they feel fully protected under the law. Compared with 2008, larger percentages of young people of all races believe that the legal system treats all groups equally. The increase was largest among Black youth, of whom twice as many believe the legal system treats all groups fairly in 2014 compared with 2008. Only about 60 percent of Black youth report feeling like full and equal citizens with all the same rights and protections as everyone else, compared with 64.1 percent of Latino youth and 72.9 percent of white youth.

CLICK HERE FOR THE FULL REPORT

Categories: Blog

BYP Memo: The Effects of North Carolina’s New Electoral Reforms on Young People of Color

December 16, 2013 - 10:18am

In August 2013, North Carolina enacted one of the nation’s most comprehensive reforms of the voting process. Under the new law, early voting will be reduced, Election Day-registration will be eliminated, and every voter will have to produce government-issued identification. These reforms are likely to have disproportionate effects on young people of color; shortening the early voting period is likely to significantly reduce turnout among Black youth, while the elimination of Election Day-registration is likely to have especially negative effects on turnout among young Latinos, and the photo ID requirement may significantly reduce turnout among all young of color.

Prior to the U.S. Supreme Court’s ruling in Shelby County v. Holder, such laws would have been subject to preclearance from the Department of Justice under the Voting Rights Act. The Justice Department is suing North Carolina in federal court to block implementation of the law; however, last week, it was announced that the lawsuit will not be heard until 2015, after the 2014 midterm elections.

In the latest BYP memo, researchers consider the possible effects of these new restrictions on voter turnout, focusing specifically on young people of color.

CLICK HERE FOR THE FULL REPORT

Categories: Blog

REPORT: Latino Youth Support Same-Sex Marriage At Much Higher Rates Than Black Youth

November 20, 2013 - 7:04am
According to the Black Youth Project’s latest memo, Latino youth support same-sex marriage at much higher rates than Black youth, while support among white youth falls in between.Our analysis examined public opinion on same-sex marriage in 2009 and 2012, focusing on youth between the ages of 18 and 29.

Though it is commonly believed that generational changes are responsible for increased public support for same-sex marriage, we find that attitudes toward same-sex marriage among young people vary considerably.

In both 2009 and 2012, Black youth supported same-sex marriage at much lower rates than either white or Latino youth, who were the most supportive of same-sex marriage. While support for same-sex marriage among young people increased significantly across all racial groups between 2009 and 2012, Black youth continue to support same-sex marriage at lower rates than both white and Latino youth.

Black, white, and Latino youth are more supportive of same-sex marriage than older adults. However, the differences by age group are much smaller among Blacks than they are for either whites or Latinos.

Since 2009, the gender gap in support of same-sex marriage has declined among white and Latino youth, but has increased slightly among Black youth.

This latest report is the 13th in a series of memos entitled “Black and Latino Youth: The Future of American Politics” released by the Black Youth Project.

CLICK HERE FOR THE FULL REPORT
Categories: Blog

REPORT: The Millenial Generation’s “Time Tax” Obstacle

November 18, 2013 - 11:11am

Americans aged 18 t o 29 are more racially diverse than the general population. With young people of color making up a pretty important share of the American electorate, their votes are critical in deciding the nation’s leaders. A new report released by the Advancement Project and OurTime.org called The Time Tax: America’s Newest Form of Voter Suppression for Millennials & How it Must Be Eliminated to Make Voting Accessible for the Next Generation, shows that the young population has a unique challenge when voting. The “time tax,” continues to cause an impact of voting in the country, particularly for young people of color.

The “time tax” is defined as, “disproportionately waiting in the nation’s longest lines to vote, time spent obtaining voter ID and the underlying documents required for ID, as well as other inconveniences.” The report also highlights a key fact: that young voters showed up to the polls in spite of such barriers.

CLICK HERE FOR THE FULL REPORT

Categories: Blog

REPORT: Alternative approaches to reducing gun violence show promise

October 17, 2013 - 9:42am

Research shows that mandatory minimum sentences do not reduce gun violence. In fact, restrictions of that nature are costly and counterproductive. According to a new report released by the Northwestern School of Law’s Bluhm Legal Clinic, evidence shows promising leads about alternative approaches to reducing gun violence.

In their landmark report,  Combating Gun Violence in Illinois: Evidence-Based Solutions, researchers found that targeting interventions such as focused policing are more effective in the reduction of gun violence. This includes community-based programs in high-risk areas, along with an increased police presence.

They site a 2013 report ordered by President Obama that called into question the effectiveness of mandatory sentences. The initiative strongly focused on eliminated firearms in high-risk communities through police intervention tactics and deterred gang presence, in part by offering alternatives to prosecution for gun possession. As a result, communities saw a 68% reduction in gun violence in one year.

CLICK HERE FOR THE FULL REPORT

Categories: Blog

Youth of Color Support Comprehensive Immigration Reform at Higher Rates than White Youth

September 5, 2013 - 7:27am

According to the Black Youth Project’s latest memo, Youth of color support a comprehensive approach to immigration reform at higher rates than white youth, who are more supportive of punitive measures and increased enforcement of existing law.

Because major congressional proposals on immigration reform, including the DREAM Act and the Kids Act, focus on young people, our analysis examined public opinion on immigration among youth between the ages of 18 and 29.

In contrast to their white peers, Black youth expressed greater support for immigration proposals focused on a creating a path to citizenship and extending citizenship to undocumented immigrants brought to the U.S. as children who earn a four-year college degree or serve in the U.S. military.

Black youth also support extending government services, including welfare, Medicaid, and food stamps, to undocumented immigrants before becoming citizens at much higher rates than white youth.

However, the report also indicates that attitudes toward immigrants may be a barrier to Black-Brown coalitions. Nearly sixty percent of both Black and white youth believe that immigrants take away jobs, health care, and housing from people born in the U.S. In addition, more than sixty percent of Black youth report that immigrants are treated better than most Black people born in this country, which represents an increase from 2009.

This latest report is the 12th in a series of memos entitled “Black and Latino Youth: The Future of American Politics” released by the Black Youth Project.

CLICK HERE FOR THE FULL REPORT

Categories: Blog, Homepage

REPORT: Youth of Color Experience Higher Levels of Gun Violence; Report Greater Support for Increased Gun Restrictions

July 25, 2013 - 7:53am

According to the Black Youth Project’s latest memo, “Gun Violence and Public Opinion on Gun Control among America’s Young People,” youth of color experience higher levels of gun violence and report greater support for increased gun restrictions compared with their white peers.

Because young people are the victims of gun violence at especially high rates, our analysis examined public opinion on gun control among youth between the ages of 18-29.

In general, young people support a variety of measures designed to reduce gun violence, including restricting access to guns and ammunition, improving mental health care, and implementing national criminal background checks. But in contrast to their white peers, Black and Latino youth expressed greater support for increased gun restrictions, and prioritize reducing access to guns over protecting the rights of gun owners.

Nearly half of white youth reported that either they or someone they know carried a gun in the last month, compared with 24.4 percent of Black youth and 22.2 percent of Latino youth. However, Black youth were much more likely than either Latino or white youth to report that either they or someone they know experienced gun violence in the last year or that gun violence is a serious problem in their neighborhood.

Gun Violence and Public Opinion on Gun Control among America’s Young People” is the 11th in a series of memos entitled: “Black and Latino Youth: The Future of American Politics” released by the Black Youth Project

Click Here for the Complete Memo

Categories: Blog

MEMO: Understanding the Latino Youth Vote in 2012

May 28, 2013 - 7:50am

Today, the Black Youth Project releases its latest memo: “Understanding the Latino Vote in 2012.”

This analysis pays special attention to how Latino youth engaged in the 2012 presidential election.

The results show that Latino youth turnout increased for a third year in a row, and that they were very effectively mobilized.

Latino youth also had a a highly polarized view of the Democratic and Republican tickets, and showed overwhelming support for Barack Obama.

“Understanding the Latino Youth Vote in 2012″ is the 10th in a series of memos entitled Democracy Remixed: Black and Latino Youth: the Future of American Politics released by the Black Youth Project.

Click Here for the Complete Memo 

Categories: Blog

BYP MEMO: Voter ID Laws Disproportionately Impacted Black and Latino Youth in 2012 Election

March 13, 2013 - 11:41am

Today the Black Youth Project released its latest memo: “Black and Latino Youth Disproportionately Affected by Voter Identification Laws in 2012 Election.”

The new analysis finds that voter identification laws are applied unevenly across racial groups and have significant discriminatory effects on Latino and Black youth.

The results underscore the importance of Section 5 of the Voter Rights Act, which requires states with a history of discrimination to receive pre-clearance from the Justice Department before implementing voting law changes.

The Justice Department had voter ID laws in South Carolina and Texas struck down, but the Voting Rights Act provision faces a challenge in the Supreme Court.

Specifically, research showed that:

  • Nearly three-quarters (72.3 percent) of young Black voters were asked for some form of identification, compared with 50.8 percent of young white voters and 60.8 percent of young Latino voters.
  • Young Black (64.5 percent) and Latino (57.0 percent) voters were considerably more likely to be asked to show photo identification to vote compared to young white voters (42.2 percent).
  • Nearly two-thirds (65.5 percent) of Black youth were asked to show identification in states without ID requirements, compared with 55.3 percent of Latino youth and 42.8 percent of white youth.
  • In states with voter identification laws, higher percentages of Black youth (94.3 percent) were asked for ID compared with Latino (81.8 percent) and white (84.3 percent) youth.

“Black and Latino Youth Disproportionately Affected by Voter Identification Laws in 2012 Election” is the eighth in a series entitled Democracy Remixed: Black Youth and the Future of American Politics released by the Black Youth Project.

Click Here for the Full Analysis

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